With a television audience estimated at 3 million looking on, atheist Bill Nye “the Science Guy” recently had a spirited three-hour debate with Christian scientist Ken Ham -- and a key question was whether a serious scholar has to choose between science and the Bible.

1Nye and Ham (YouTube)

Ham listed “numerous examples of revered scientists who reject evolution and embrace Biblical creation," reported Billy Hallowell of The Blaze. "Among them: Dr. Raymond Damadian who invented the MRI as a tool for making medical diagnoses.”

“One of the high points of the debate occurred when Ham showed short clips of prominent creationists who are involved in high-tech science and medicine,” reported the website Answers in Genesis.

Have many great scientists also been Christians? It’s easy to make a list of more than 500 great thinkers and scientists who were firm believers.

Hildegard_von_BingenHildegard of Bingen (Kirchberg – Bildstock)

One of the more colorful is Germany’s first woman physician, Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179). She was also a Catholic nun and the head of a Benedictine abby. She conducted and published comprehensive studies of natural science and medicine -- and after her death was declared a saint.

Robert Grosseteste (1175–1253) was the central character of the English intellectual movement in the first half of the 13th century and is considered the founder of scientific thought at Oxford University. He wrote texts on the mathematical sciences of optics, astronomy and geometry. He affirmed that experiments should be used in order to verify a theory, testing its consequences. He added greatly to the development of the scientific method, according to his biographer, A.C. Crombie, author of Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science 1100–1700.

Roger Bacon (1214–1294), the great English philosopher who was responsible for popularizing the concept of “laws of nature” and contributed in such areas as mechanics, geography and optics. It is not always mentioned that he was also a

Otto Brunfels (1488–1534), whose book Herbarum Vivae Icones earned him the title as one of the “fathers of botany. The was also

a theologian and the author of Catalogi Virorum Illustrium, a history of evangelical sects that had broken away from the Catholic Church.

516px-Johannes_Kepler_UffizienJohannes Kepler (Public Domain/Wikimedia)