Freedman is right in saying that the main threat American Jews face today isn'tfrom anti-Semitism. But the danger isn't from the rising power of theOrthodox either. Rather, the main threat to American Judaism as we know itsprings from the weakening confidence among secular, Reform, andConservative Jews in the validity of their ways of being Jewish.They are too easily guilted into believing, erroneously, that they mustattend synagogue more, or observe more holidays, or don kippot, in orderto be "more Jewish." That's a mistake. For Judaism to keep progressing, transformationalists need to stop being shy about asserting the fact that their breeds of Judaism are just as valid as--and perhaps better suited to life in 21st century America than--that of the men in the black hats.