Quiz: Your Stance On Applying the Just-War Theory to Iraq

Starting with St. Augustine in the fifth century, religious scholars and teachers have sought to devise rules for deciding when wars are moral. Over time, this has evolved into what's called just-war theory. The theory weighs factors such as proportionality, self-defense, collateral damage, and other moral issues related to combat.

The questions below seek to measure how your beliefs about Iraq line up with traditional just-war theory. When you've finished taking the quiz, you'll see whether, according to just-war theory alone, you should be a hawk or a dove. You may still support or oppose the war for reasons not addressed in this quiz or in just war theory as a whole. Keep in mind that, according to the theory, all conditions must be met to justify a war. If one condition is not met, the war "fails" the test.
Q1. Do you believe all non-violent means to force Iraq to comply with the U.N. resolutions on weapons were exhausted in 2003?
1. Yes
2. Not quite; we should have given diplomacy and the weapons inspectors more time.
3. No; many nonviolent alternatives were available.
Q2. Did the United States have the right to go to war alone in this case?
1. Yes, a sovereign nation always has the right to defend itself.
2. A preemptive attack should have only been done with U.N. backing.
3. Because of voting irregularities in Florida, I'm not convinced this administration had the right to declare war at all.
Q3. Has Iraq's behavior caused enough harm to justify an attack?
1. Yes, there's a direct connection between Saddam Hussein and the terrorists who masterminded 9/11.
2. Even if Saddam had nothing to do with 9/11, he invited attack by violating cease fire terms.
3. Yes, Saddam's use of chemical weapons against the Kurds and his invasion of Kuwait are concrete examples of his hostility.
4. No, Saddam had no serious connection to the 9/11 attacks and has not attacked the U.S. or its allies.
Q4. Did Saddam Hussein's use of torture and suppression of rights constitute a grave public evil?
1. Yes
2. No
Q5. Was the attack on Iraq an act of self-defense?
1. Yes, it constituted self-defense because Saddam helped terrorists and may have provided them with weapons in the future.
2. No, he was never a major threat.
Q6. Which is worse:
1. What the U.S. has done to innocent Iraqis during the war
2. What Saddam Hussein did to his own people
3. What Saddam Hussein might have done to harm people in other parts of the world
Q7. Does fighting a war now make it more likely that there will be peace in the region in the long run?
1. Yes
2. No
Q8. Do you expect the U.S. to succeed in Iraq?
1. Yes, we have removed Saddam and brought free elections--now the Iraqis are taking charge of their own defense.
2. No, we are losing American lives and the Iraqis are heading toward sectarian civil war.
3. Unknown, insurgents from other countries are disrupting operations in Iraq.
Q9. Do you believe that, in fighting Iraq, American and allied forces have tried hard to minimize civilian deaths?
1. Yes
2. No


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