(Osteogenic Sarcoma—Child; Sarcoma, Osteogenic—Child)En Español (Spanish Version)
Osteosarcoma is a common form of bone cancer. This cancer usually begins in cells called osteoblasts, which make bones. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body.
Risk factors include:
Symptoms may include:
- Swelling or a lump at the location of the tumor (usually affects longer bones)
- Pain at the tumor location
- Difficulty moving the affected limb
- Deep bone pain severe enough to wake up your child
- Bone fractures (rarely)
If your child has any of these symptoms, talk to the doctor right away.
The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and do a medical history. A physical exam will also be done. Tests may include:
- Blood tests
- X-ray —a test that uses radiation to take a picture of bones
- Bone scan —a test that looks for bone tumors
- CT scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of bones
- MRI scan —a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of bones
- Biopsy —removal of a sample of bone tissue to test for cancer cells
Once cancer is found, the doctor will do staging tests to find out if the cancer has spread. Treatment depends on the stage and location of the cancer. Talk with the doctor and healthcare team about the best treatment plan for your child. Options include:
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells.
Surgery involves the removal of the tumor, nearby tissues, and nearby lymph nodes. Surgery may require amputation of the limb . Whenever possible, the doctor will try to remove the cancerous part of the bone without amputating. Sometimes, treatment with chemotherapy can help avoid the need for amputation.
With radiation therapy, radiation is directed at the tumor to kill the cancer cells.
Radiation of Tumor
© 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
BC Cancer Agency
Children’s Hospital Boston. Osteosarcoma. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1077/mainpageS1077P0.html . Accessed July 7, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Osteogenic sarcoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 30, 2010. Accessed July 7, 2010.
McCoy K. Bone cancer. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/thisTopic.php?marketID=15topicID=81 . Updated September 2009. Accessed July 7, 2010.
Nemours Foundation. Childhood cancer: osteosarcoma. Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/cancer/cancer_osteosarcoma.html# . Updated January 2008. Accessed July 7, 2010.
Last reviewed June 2011 by Kari Kassir, MD
Last updated Updated: 6/6/2011
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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