Reducing Your Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

For most individuals at "normal" risk for developing diabetes, there are no known ways to decrease your risk. However, if you have diabetes already, you can reduce your risk for complications from this disease by keeping blood sugars within a normal range. This is done through a combination of insulin, a healthful diet, and regular exercise. Talk with your doctor to determine what is a healthful blood glucose range for you (or your child).

In recent years, there has been considerable interest in identifying persons whose blood contains antibodies to pancreatic islet cells but who do not have symptoms or signs of diabetes. These individuals have been considered to have “ prediabetes ” and may be at high risk of developing the disease within months or years. A variety of treatments are underway to try to prevent prediabetes from developing into type 1 diabetes. While none of these treatments has yet been proven fully effective and safe, it is highly likely that the near future will see important breakthroughs in screening for and preventing this serious disorder.


American Diabetes Association website. Available at: .

Winter WE, Schatz D. Prevention strategies for type 1 diabetes mellitus: current status and future directions. BioDrugs . 2003;17(1):39-64.

Last reviewed April 2007 by David Juan, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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