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Screening for Testicular Cancer

The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.

Screening Tests

Screening tests for testicular cancer include the following:

Self-examination—You should examine your testes each month or two, especially if you have a risk factor. If you find a new lump, contact your doctor.

For more information on how to do a testicular self-exam, click here .

Physician Examination—Your doctor will check for hernias and testicular abnormalities as part of your regular physical exam. Have physical exams regularly, even if you are feeling well.

Blood Tests—Your physician may also order tests for alpha-fetoprotein or human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).

Screening Guidelines

There are no official screening guidelines for testicular cancer. However, the American Cancer Society (ACS) and National Cancer Institute (NCI) strongly advise men, starting at age 15, learn to perform self-testicular examinations.

References:

Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center website. Available at: http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/ . Accessed January 31, 2006.

Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2000.



Last reviewed April 2007 by Jondavid Pollock, MD, PhD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.


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