Treatments for Prostate Cancer

The treatment and management of prostate cancer most often involves surgery (either of the primary tumor or removal of the testes to help treat advanced disease), hormonal therapy, and/or radiation therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy may also be used if the cancer has spread and is resistant to other types of treatment. The type of treatment depends on the location and size of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, your age and general health, and other factors. (For a detailed explanation of staging, click here .)

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Medications—hormonal therapy
Radiation therapy
Other treatments—watchful waiting

At this time, chemotherapy is not generally a recommended option for the primary treatment of prostate cancer, other than in ongoing clinical trials but it may be used to treat advanced cancer that is resistant to other types of treatment.


American Cancer Society website. Available at: .

American Foundation for Urologic Disease website. Available at: .

National Cancer Institute website. Available at: .

Last reviewed February 2007 by Barbara Harty-Golder, MD, JD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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