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Reducing Your Risk of Prostate Cancer

There are a few things you can do to reduce your risk of prostate cancer:

Get Screened Regularly

Because prostate cancer rarely produces symptoms in its early stages, the best way to detect it is through routine visits to your doctor for a digital rectal exam and PSA test. Prostate cancer incidence increases with age, so screening becomes even more important as you age.

Watch Your Diet

Studies have found an association between diets high in fat and an increased risk of prostate cancer. Also, eating foods rich in lycopene seems to lower a man’s risk of prostate cancer. Lycopene is a phytochemical that is found in certain fruits and vegetables, like grapefruits and tomatoes. Also, lycopene supplements are available at drug and health food stores, but their efficacy is uncertain.

Intake of the mineral selenium may reduce prostate cancer risk as well. Foods containing selenium include seafood, such as tuna, oysters, shrimp, and salmon, as well as Brazil nuts, liver, pork, and turkey.

Exercise Regularly

Exercising regularly may reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Choose exercises you enjoy and make them a regular part of your day. Strive to maintain an exercise program that keeps you fit and at a healthy weight. For many people, this includes walking or participating in another aerobic activity for 30 minutes per day. Check with your doctor before starting any exercise program.

References

American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org .

National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov .



Last reviewed February 2007 by Barbara Harty-Golder, MD, JD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.


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