Conditions InDepth: Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is interrupted. This deprives the heart muscle of oxygen, causing tissue damage or tissue death. Other names for heart attack include coronary attack, myocardial infarction, coronary thrombosis, and coronary occlusion.

Heart Attack

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Heart attack is an outcome of coronary artery disease (CAD) , also called coronary heart disease. If too much plaque (fatty material) builds up in the coronary arteries, it can decrease the blood flow to the heart. If the plaque tears, a blood clot will form that may close off or severely narrow the artery. A heart attack occurs when the clot blocks the flow of blood to the heart. Cells in the heart start to die if they are without oxygen-rich blood for more than a few minutes. Heart attack also can occur if an artery that supplies the heart starts to spasm or contract. The spasm decreases or can stop blood flow. A heart attack can result from a severe spasm.

Blood Clots in the Heart

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More than 16 million people in the United States have coronary heart disease, and every year about 8,100,000 Americans suffer a heart attack.

What are the risk factors for heart attack?
What are the symptoms of heart attack?
How is heart attack diagnosed?
What are the treatments for heart attack?
Are there screening tests for heart attack?
How can I reduce my risk of heart attack?
What questions should I ask my doctor?
What is it like to live with heart attack?
Where can I get more information about heart attack?


American Heart Association website. Available at: . Accessed August 14, 2008.

Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 16th ed. McGraw-Hill; 2004.

Last reviewed July 2008 by Michael J. Fucci, DO

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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