Bland Diet
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Bland Diet

Diet for Ulcers and Gastritis

What Is a Bland Diet?

A bland diet consists of foods that are easy to digest and mildly seasoned. Heavily seasoned, spicy, fried, and acidic foods are excluded on this diet.

Why Should I Follow a Bland Diet?

This diet may be recommended if you are suffering from:

While this diet can’t cure these conditions, it can help manage their symptoms.

Foods to Avoid

The following list should be used as a guide. These are foods, beverages, spices, and condiments that commonly irritate the stomach. However, there may be foods on this list that don’t bother you. Likewise, there may be foods not on this list that do bother you. Therefore, it’s important to monitor the foods you consume and how well you tolerate them.

Spices and Condiments

  • Black, red, and white pepper
  • Chili powder
  • Cloves
  • Mustard
  • Nutmeg
  • Salad dressing

Foods

  • Broth
  • Chocolate
  • Corn
  • Nuts
  • Olives
  • Highly seasoned foods (eg, soups, chili)
  • Fried or greasy foods (eg, French fries, fried chicken, snack chips, donuts)
  • Rich desserts (eg, cake, pastries)
  • Raw vegetables (except lettuce)
  • Raw fruits (except ripe bananas)
  • Gas forming foods (eg, onions, peppers, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, sauerkraut, salad greens, rutabagas)
  • Processed meats high in fat (eg, sausage, bologna, lunch meat)

Beverages

  • Tea (tannins)
  • Caffeinated beverages (eg, coffee, tea, cola)
  • Citrus juice, tomato juice
  • Alcohol

Foods Recommended

In general, try to choose foods and beverages that are:

  • Mildly seasoned
  • Low-fat or fat-free
  • Low-acid (eg, low-acid orange juice)

Suggestions

  • Eat small, frequent meals (eg, six small meals instead of three large meals)
  • Eat slowly; try putting utensils down between bites
  • Avoid lying down for 3-4 hours after eating
  • Talk a registered dietitian about an individualized meal plan

RESOURCES:

American Dietetic Association
http://www.eatright.org

American Gastroenterological Association
http://www.gastro.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

BC Health Guide
http://www.bchealthguide.org/

Dietitians of Canada
http://www.dietitians.ca

References:

Available diet orders at the University of Michigan Health Centers. University of Michigan Health System website. Available at: http://www.med.umich.edu/clinical/images/Available-Diet-Orders-at-UMHS.pdf . Accessed March 31, 2007.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Accessed March 31, 2007.

Soft/bland diet. University of Minnesota Medical Center website. Available at: http://library.umsmed.edu/pe-db/pe-soft-diet.pdf . Accessed March 31, 2007.



Last reviewed May 2008 by Dianne Scheinberg, MS, RD, LDN

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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