Colorado Tick Fever
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Colorado Tick Fever

En Español (Spanish Version)

Definition

Colorado tick fever is an infection that is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick.

Causes

Colorado tick fever is caused by the Colorado tick fever virus. Humans can get the virus through the bite of an infected tick. The Rocky Mountain wood tick is the principal carrier of the Colorado tick virus in the US, and its geographic range is confined to the western US states and areas above 5,000 ft. in elevation.

The virus is also carried by other small mammals, including ground squirrels, porcupines, and chipmunks. There have been reports of rare cases of Colorado tick fever caused by exposure in a laboratory setting and a blood transfusion.

Bite

Bug bites

Colorado tick fever is transmitted through the bite of an infected tick.

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Risk Factors

Living or traveling in mountain forest areas at altitudes above 5,000 feet in the Rocky Mountain region, especially between April and July, increases your chances of developing Colorado tick fever. If you have been in these areas, tell your doctor.

Symptoms

If you experience any of these symptoms do not assume it is caused by Colorado tick fever. These symptoms may be attributed to other, less serious health conditions. If you experience any one of them, see your physician. Symptoms usually appear 4-5 days after a tick bite occurs.

  • High fever
  • Chills
  • Severe headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Muscle pain
  • Lethargy
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.

Tests may include the following:

  • Blood tests to identify the virus
  • Blood tests to identify antibodies for the virus
  • Other blood tests

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for Colorado tick fever. Complications are extremely rare and include aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, and hemorrhagic fever. The fever and pain may be treated with acetaminophen (eg, Tylenol) and other pain relief medications. Once a person gets Colorado tick fever, it is believed that he or she will have immunity against re-infection.

Prevention

To help reduce your chances of getting Colorado tick fever, take the following steps to limit your exposure to ticks:

  • Avoid tick-infested areas, especially during warmer months.
  • Wear light-colored clothing to better locate a crawling tick.
  • Tuck pants into socks when in tick-infested habitats.
  • Use tick repellents.
  • Regularly inspect and remove ticks from your body and your child’s body when in tick-infested habitats.
  • Remove ticks using fine-tipped tweezers by grasping the tick close to the skin’s surface and pulling upward steadily.
  • Disinfect tick bites with soap and water.

RESOURCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
http://www3.niaid.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre
http://wildlife1.usask.ca

Public Health Agency of Canada
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

References:

Colorado tick fever. Utah Department of Health website. Available at: http://health.utah.gov/els/epidemiology/epifacts/ctf.html . Accessed October 27, 2006.

Colorado tick fever fact sheet. Oregon.gov website. Available at: http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/ph/acd/diseases/ctf/facts.shtml . Accessed October 27, 2006.

Colorado tick fever. Medline Plus website. Available at : http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000675.htm . Accessed February 12, 2008.



Last reviewed February 2008 by David Horn, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.


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