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Dupuytren's Contracture
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Dupuytren's Contracture

Pronounced: du-pwe-trahn kon-trak-choor

En Español (Spanish Version)

Definition

Dupuytren's contracture is a thickening and shortening of the fascia in the palm of the hand. The fascia is a firm tissue that lies just below the skin. This condition causes affected fingers to curl towards the palm and makes extension of these fingers difficult or impossible.

Dupuytren's Contracture Scarring

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Causes

The exact cause of Dupuytren's contracture is unknown. For some people the condition is inherited.

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.

Symptoms

At first, symptoms are mild, but they may become progressively worse. The rate of progression varies among people.

The ring finger is usually affected first, followed by the little finger, then the index, and long finger. Fingers on either or both hands can be affected. The first sign of this condition is a nodule in the palm near the base of a finger. A nodule is a small thickening of the fascia under the skin. In some cases, nodules can be sensitive to touch. Generally, though, this condition is not painful.

As a contracture progresses, the nodule becomes a thickened fibrous cord that extends into the finger under the skin. As the cord thickens and shortens, the affected finger is pulled (curled) in towards the palm, and extension of the affected finger becomes difficult or impossible.

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and examine your hands. In some cases, x-rays may be taken as well.

Treatment

No treatment is necessary when symptoms are mild and do not effect normal use of the hand. In other cases, treatment may include:

Surgery

Surgery is most effective when the condition is still in the nodule stage.

Depending on how far the condition has progressed, surgery may involve:

  • Making small incisions in the thickened tissue
  • Removing diseased tissue
  • Removing diseased tissue and overlying damaged skin, and then repairing resulting gaps in skin with skin grafts

Exercise Therapy After Surgery

This is usually needed to restore full range-of-motion and use of the repaired finger(s).

Dupuytren's contracture can recur after surgery.

Injected Medication

Injecting corticosteroids into nodules during early stages of the condition can sometimes:

  • Delay the progressive worsening of the condition
  • Ease any tenderness that may be present in the nodules

Prevention

There are no guidelines for preventing Dupuytren's contracture because the cause is unknown. However, treatment is made easier and more effective with early detection.

RESOURCES:

American Society for Surgery of the Hand
http://www.hand-surg.org

MedlinePlus
http://medlineplus.gov/

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
http://www.ccohs.ca/

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index_e.html

References:

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aaos.org/ .

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research website. Available at: http://www.mayo.edu/ .

The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy . Simon and Schuster, Inc.; 2001.



Last reviewed October 2007 by Robert E. Leach, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.


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