Aspergillosis

Definition

Aspergillosis is an infection caused by a specific fungus that is is found all over the world. It can result in severe lung problems.

Causes

Inhaling fungus spores causes aspergillosis.
Inhalation of Spores
Spores in lungs
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Risk factors include:
Asthma in Lungs
Asthma lung
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
  • Chronic, productive cough
  • Coughing up blood
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a specialist in lung diseases or infectious diseases.Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
  • Blood samples
  • Urine samples
  • Sputum samples
Your bodily structures may be viewed. This can be done with:

Advertisement

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include:
  • Medications, such as IV amphotericin B, voriconazole, and itraconazole
  • Surgery—part of the lung may need to be removed if it contains a large mass of fungus

Prevention

The fungus that causes this condition is everywhere. High concentrations may be found in soil or compost. Mildew in bathrooms or other moist places may also contain this fungus. If you are at risk for getting an aspergillus infection, try to avoid close contact with soil or compost and take steps to keep your home mildew-free.

RESOURCES

The Aspergillus/Aspergillosis Website
http://www.aspergillus.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Lung Association
http://www.lung.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

References

Pulmonary aspergilloma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 2, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2014.

Sherif R, Segal BH. Pulmonary aspergillosis: clinical presentation, diagnostic tests, management and complications. Current Opinions in Pulmonary Medicine. 2010;16(3):242-250.

Revision Information

Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Current Research From Top Journals



March 2015

Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.

dot separator
previous editions

Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
February 2015

Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
February 2015

Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations
January 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook