Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome

(ARDS; Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Non-cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema)

Definition

Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a form of lung failure. It is a life-threatening lung condition. ARDS can occur in very ill or severely injured people. It is not a specific disease.ARDS starts with the tiny blood vessels in the lungs. These vessels leak fluid into the lung sacs. The fluid decreases the ability of the lungs to move oxygen into the body.ARDS can develop in anyone over the age of one year old.
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
exh48461 96472 1
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

ARDS can be caused by many types of injuries, including:
  • Direct injury to the lungs:
    • Chest trauma, such as a heavy blow
    • Aspiration of stomach contents
    • Obstructed airways
    • High attitude disease
    • Tuberculosis
    • Oxygen toxicity
    • Radiation
    • Cardiopulmonary bypass
    • Breathing smoke, chemicals, or salt water
    • Burns
  • Indirect injury to the lungs:
    • Severe infection
    • Massive blood transfusion
    • Pneumonia
    • Shock
    • Burn
    • Head trauma
    • Severe inflammation of the pancreas ( pancreatitis )
    • Overdoses of alcohol or certain drugs(eg, aspirin, cocaine, opioids, phenothiazines, and tricyclic antidepressants)
ARDS may occur within few days of a lung or bone marrow transplantation.

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
March 2015

Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.

dot separator
previous editions

Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
February 2015

Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
February 2015

Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations
January 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook