Neuropathic Pain

(Pain, Neuropathic; Nerve Pain; Pain, Nerve)

Definition

Neuropathic pain is a painful sensation that occurs due to damaged or abnormally working nerves. It may also occur because of abnormalities in the central nervous system's interpretation of the signals it is receiving from these nerves. The pain may be long-lasting.
Nervous System
CNS and PNS
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

This condition may caused by damaged nerve fibers that send pain signals to your brain. This can happen even when there is no event to trigger the pain. For example, a person with neuropathic pain may have a feeling of pins and needles when putting on socks.Nerve damage may be caused by:
  • Physical damage
  • Chemicals
  • The nerve not getting the vital nutrients needed to function
  • Infection
  • The body’s immune system attacking the nerves
Sometimes the cause of the nerve pain is unknown.

Risk Factors

Certain conditions increase your risk of getting neuropathic pain, such as:Other risk factors include:
  • Back surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Exposure to toxins or metals
  • Certain medications

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