Intrauterine Device Removal

(IUD Removal; Removal, Intrauterine Device; Removal, IUD; Copper Intrauterine Device Removal; Copper IUD Removal; Removal, Copper Intrauterine Device; Removal, Copper IUD; Hormone-releasing Intrauterine Device Removal; Hormone-releasing IUD Removal; Removal, Hormone-releasing Intrauterine Device; Removal, Hormone-releasing IUD)

Definition

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a type of temporary birth control for women. The device is usually used to prevent pregnancy. The hormone-releasing device may be used for other reasons. It is inserted into the uterus though the vagina by a doctor. The uterus carries the fetus during pregnancy. A woman with an IUD may decide to have it removed. IUD removal is done by a doctor. You should never remove an IUD yourself.There are two types of IUDs:
  • Hormone-releasing—Releases the hormone progestin. Can be left in the body for 5 years before it needs to be replaced.
  • Copper—Releases copper ions. Can be left inside the body for 10 years.
Intrauterine Device
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Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Reasons for Procedure

Reasons to remove an IUD may include:
  • It has expired or needs to be replaced
  • You get a sexually transmitted infection
  • Side effects, such as abnormal bleeding or pain
  • Heavy and/or prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • IUD fails and you become pregnant
  • You want to use a different birth control method
  • You want to become pregnant
  • Your menstrual periods have ended due to menopause
  • You need treatment that requires the IUD to be removed

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have your IUD removed, be aware that cramping and bleeding may occur during the removal process. However, this is normal. Some women may experience fainting or near-fainting just after the procedure.An IUD can be removed at any time, but it may be easier during a woman’s menstrual period, since the cervix (opening of the uterus) is softer. Once the IUD is removed, a woman is able to become pregnant again.Note: If you have the IUD removed during the middle of your menstrual cycle and you had sex during the week before removal, you may be at risk of being pregnant.

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