(Counseling; Emotion-Based Psychotherapy; Individual Therapy; Psychosocial Therapy; Talk Therapy)
DefinitionPsychotherapy is a general term for a range of different types of therapy, such as:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy —focuses on how thoughts affect feelings and behavior and altering those thoughts
- Interpersonal therapy—focuses on improving interaction with others and current relationship problems
- Psychodynamic therapy—focuses on childhood experiences, internal conflicts, and problematic thoughts or feelings about yourself
|Managing Mental Health Concerns|
|Mental health concerns may be caused by a combination of physiological and emotional triggers. Psychotherapy can help patients cope by decreasing the effects of emotional triggers.|
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Reasons for TherapyPsychotherapy can be used for a range of mental health conditions, such as:
- Anxiety disorders , such as obsessive-compulsive disorder , phobias, panic disorder , or post-traumatic stress disorder
- Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder
- Addictions, such as alcohol , drugs , or gambling
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
- Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder
- Emotional pain
- Relationship conflicts
- Doing poorly at work
- Drug use
- Suicidal thoughts or attempts—It is important to remember that, if left untreated, mental health conditions like depression can lead to suicide.
- Dealing with the loss of a loved one
- Coping with a serious illness or traumatic event
Possible ComplicationsDuring therapy sessions, you may feel upset or uncomfortable. This is because you will be facing difficult feelings and events. If you have a phobia, like fear of heights, your therapist may slowly expose you to this fear. This can cause anxiety.Also, you may not feel comfortable with the first therapist you meet. It is important for your treatment that you have a good connection with your therapist. You can get referrals from many places. Examples include your doctor, friends and family, mental health organizations, and your health insurance company.
What to Expect
Prior to TherapyWhen you find a therapist, make sure you research background and credentials. Also, check with your insurance company to make sure that your insurance covers therapy. If you do not have insurance, check your state's website to find information about services.Before the appointment:
- Make a list of questions you would like to ask the therapist, such as
- What therapeutic approach they use and how successful it might be
- How long the sessions will be and how many you will need
- What your goals should be
- Think about what you would like to talk about in therapy.
Description of TherapyDuring the first session, the therapist will ask you a lot of questions to find out about your background, family, relationships, mental health, and current problems. It may take several sessions for the therapist to decide on a treatment plan.During the session, you will be asked about your thoughts and feelings, as well as how you respond to situations. In the beginning, you might not feel comfortable sharing personal information. Over time, you should begin to see the benefits.As the therapy progresses, you may get upset and cry or become angry. This is normal, since you will be dealing with strong emotions and difficult events. After the session, you may feel tired from releasing these feelings.What you discuss in therapy is confidential. There are only a few cases where the therapist must share information with the police, including if you tell the therapist that you:
- Are going to harm yourself or someone else
- Have abused a child or an adult (eg, a person with a disability or an elderly person)
- Marriage counseling
- Family therapy
- Group therapy
How Long Will It Take?You may meet with your therapist once a week for about an hour. The number of sessions you have depends on your reason for coming into therapy. Short-term therapy may take a month. In some cases, you may need to continue therapy for a year or longer.
Post-therapy CareYour therapist may give you homework. This is a way for you to work on the skills that you learned during the sessions. Be sure to do the homework for your next appointment.
Call Your TherapistIf the thoughts, feelings, or other difficulties that led you to seek therapy are returning or worsening, call your therapist. If you have thoughts of hurting yourself or others, call your therapist or call for medical help right away.
American Psychological Association
Mental Health America
Canadian Mental Health Association
Canadian Psychiatric Association
Individual therapy. Good Therapy.org website. Available at: http://www.goodtherapy.org/individual-therapy.html. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Kassel K. Cognitive-behavioral therapy. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated December 1, 2010. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Psychotherapy. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/psychotherapy/basics/definition/prc-20013335. Updated November 5, 2010. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Psychotherapy and counseling. Help Guide.org website. Available at: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/psychotherapy%5Ftherapist%5Fcounseling.htm. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Strupp H. Psychotherapy. Discovering Psychology website. Available at: http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/22/e22expand.html. Accessed December 28, 2010.
What is psychotherapy for children and adolescents? American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families%5Fand%5FYouth/Facts%5Ffor%5FFamilies/Facts%5Ffor%5FFamilies%5FPages/What%5FIs%5FPsychotherapy%5FFor%5FChildren%5FAnd%5FAdolescents%5F53.aspx. Published February 2005. Accessed December 28, 2010.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 05/23/2014