Enterocutaneous Fistula

(Gastrointestinal Fistula; Entero-enternal Fistula)

Definition

An enterocutaneous fistula is an abnormal connection between the intestines and the skin. Intestinal or stomach contents can leak through this connection. The contents may leak into another part of the body or outside of the body.
Enterocutaneous Fistula
exh61124
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Causes

Most enterocutaneous fistulas develop as a complication of bowel surgery. Other causes include:

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of enterocutaneous fistula include:
  • History of radiation
  • Poor nutrition

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
  • Leakage of intestinal contents from an abdominal wound onto the skin
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Signs of infection, such as fever, chills, and rapid heart rate
  • Dehydration

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a colon and rectal surgeon.Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:

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