Patella Fracture

(Broken Kneecap; Fracture, Patella; Kneecap Fracture; Patellar Fracture)


A patella fracture occurs when there is a break in the patella, better known as the kneecap. The patella is a large, movable bone at the front of the knee.
The Kneecap
si55550925 96472 1
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


Some common causes of this injury include:
  • Sharp blow to the knee
  • Excessive stress on the knee

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk of a patella fracture include:
  • Increased age
  • Postmenopause
  • Decreased muscle mass
  • Decreased bone mass— osteoporosis
  • Participation in contact sports such as football and soccer
  • Obesity , which places strain on muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments
  • Violence, such as car or car-pedestrian accidents


Patella fracture may cause:
  • Sudden, excruciating pain in the kneecap
  • Swelling, bruising, and tenderness
  • Inability to extend the knee
  • Difficulty walking


Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will look closely at the knee to see if there are signs of fracture . A straight leg test may be done. Images can evaluate your knee and surrounding structures. These may include:

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.

dot separator
previous editions

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 2015

Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

dashed separator


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »