Tendonitis

Uses

Principal Proposed Natural Treatments

Other Proposed Natural Treatments

The tendons are one of the body’s weakest links. While muscle and bone heal well after injury, the fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone has a relatively poor blood supply, and for that reason, it recovers only slowly.Inflammation in the tendon or its sheath is called tendonitis. Symptoms include tenderness, redness, swelling, and pain on exertion. These symptoms may last for months or years. Tendonitis occurs most commonly in the following areas: elbow (lateral epicondylitis or medial epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow), knee (peripatellar tendonitis), hip (iliotibial band tendonitis), shoulder (rotator cuff tendonitis), lower calf (Achilles' tendonitis), forearm, and thumb.Overuse of a tendon (repetitive strain injury) is the most common cause of tendonitis. This form of injury frequently occurs in computer keyboard users, people who perform manual labor, and athletes (such as tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow). Acute injury to a tendon, such as an excessive stretch, can also cause tendonitis. Conventional treatment consists primarily of avoiding the movement that caused the injury and allowing the body to heal on its own. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) may help reduce pain, but have not been shown to speed recovery. Steroid injection into the affected tendon is thought to help in certain cases, but the scientific basis for this commonly used method remains weak at best. 1,2 The role of physical therapy in recovery from tendonitis also has not been well evaluated from a scientific perspective. 10 A technique called extracorporeal shockwave therapy does not appear to work. 11

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