Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease—Adolescent

(GERD—Adolescent; Chronic Heartburn—Adolescent; Reflux Esophagitis—Adolescent; Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease—Adolescent; GORD—Adolescent; Heartburn—Adolescent; Reflux—Adolescent)

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Definition

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disorder that results from food and stomach acid backing up into the esophagus from the stomach.This condition can cause serious health issues. Treatment for GERD includes lifestyle changes, medications, and sometimes surgery.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
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Causes

The valve between the esophagus and stomach opens to let food enter the stomach. With GERD, the valve doesn't close as tightly as it normally should. This causes acid reflux, a burning sensation that can be felt below the breastbone.The following factors contribute to GERD:
  • Abnormal pressure to the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a valve that keeps food in the stomach
  • Increased relaxation of LES
  • Increased pressure within the abdomen

Risk Factors

The following may increase the chance of GERD in adolescents:

Symptoms

Adolescent GERD may cause:
  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation
  • Abdominal or chest pain
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Dry cough
  • Raspy voice
  • Sore throat
  • Recurrent pneumonia or worsening asthma
  • Weight loss, lack of appetite

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