Metabolic Syndrome

(Syndrome X; Insulin Resistance Syndrome; Dysmetabolic Syndrome)

Definition

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of conditions associated with obesity that may include high blood pressure, elevated blood lipids, and high fasting blood sugar. Metabolic syndrome puts a person at risk for:Metabolic syndrome may be characterized by:
  • Central obesity—high amount of fat around the waist
  • Low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL or good) cholesterol
  • High levels of triglycerides—type of fat measured in the blood
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Elevated fasting glucose level due to lower sensitivity to insulin
Coronary Artery Disease
Stereostatic Biopsy
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Causes

The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known. It believed to be due to a combination of factors, such as:
  • Genetic factors
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Poor diet

Risk Factors

Metabolic syndrome is more common in people who are Hispanic, Caucasian, or African American. Factors that may increase your chance of metabolic syndrome include:
  • Having disorders or conditions associated with metabolic disorder such as:
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Family history of the disorders listed above
  • Physical inactivity
  • Poor diet
  • Unhealthy habits, such as smoking
  • Certain medications, such as atypical antipsychotics

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