Thiamine (B1)

image Thiamine, also called vitamin B1, is a water-soluble vitamin found in virtually every cell in the body. Water-soluble vitamins are stored in the body in limited amounts. They leave the body through the urine. For this reason, it is a good idea to have them in your daily diet. Thiamine is also available as a supplement and by prescription as an injection.

Function

Thiamine helps to process carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. It is needed to make adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the body’s main energy-carrying molecule. Thiamin is also necessary for memory and other brain functions.

Recommended Intake

Age Group Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
Females Males
0-6 months 0.2 Adequate Intake (AI) 0.2 (AI)
7-12 months 0.3 (AI) 0.3 (AI)
1-3 years 0.5 0.5
4-8 years 0.6 0.6
9-13 years 0.9 0.9
14-18 years 1.0 1.2
19 and older 1.1 1.2
Pregnancy and Lactation 1.4 n/a

Thiamin Toxicity

There have been no adverse effects reported with taking too much dietary thiamine. The body excretes any excess amount that is consumed. In rare instances, coughing, hives, itching, swelling, and breathing difficulties have occurred from thiamine injections given by doctors.

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