Ileus

(Adynamic Ileus; Paralytic Ileus; Nonmechanical Bowel Obstruction; Ogilvie’s Syndrome; Colonic Pseudo-obstruction)

Definition

Ileus is a type of non-mechanical bowel obstruction. It results when peristalsis stops. Peristalsis is the wavelike contractions that push contents through the digestive system.
Small Bowel Distention
Nucleus fact sheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Ileus is caused by damage to the nerves controlling the intestines from surgery, infection, low blood flow, trauma, medications or changes in the body chemistry.

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of ileus include:
  • Abdominal, joint, or spine surgery
  • Intestinal injury or trauma
  • Severe generalized trauma
  • Abdominal bleeding.
  • Infections, such as:
  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Imbalance of electrolytes, especially potassium and calcium
  • Disorders that affect muscle function
  • Use of certain drugs, such as narcotic pain drugs, high blood pressure medication, or chemotherapy
  • A previous history of ileus

Symptoms

Symptoms of ileus may include:
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Cramps
  • Hiccups
  • Inability to pass stool or gas

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.

dot separator
previous editions

Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 2015

Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 2015

Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook