Diabetic Neuropathy

(Nerve Damage of Diabetes)

Definition

Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage associated with diabetes. It results in damage to the nerves in a person’s feet, legs, and eyes, and to the nerves that control bodily functions, such as digestion, blood pressure, and heart rate.
Nerves of the Foot
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Causes

Diabetic neuropathy is likely caused by a combination of factors, including:
  • Metabolic problems such as high blood glucose
  • Damage to blood vessels
  • Autoimmune factors
  • Genetics

Risk Factors

This condition is more common in older adults. Factors that may increase your risk of diabetic neuropathy include:

Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy may include:
  • Numbness , tingling, or pain in the extremities
  • Weakness in arms and or legs
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Lightheadedness
  • Urination problems
  • Impotence or vaginal dryness
  • Weakness of facial muscles resulting in drooping eyelid, drooping mouth, facial droop, difficulty swallowing
  • Muscle cramps
  • A prolonged feeling of fullness after eating, and/or abdominal pain
  • Decreased ability to sweat normally
If you have diabetic neuropathy, you are at increased risk for developing other types of neuropathies, such as carpal tunnel syndrome . Diabetic neuropathy can lead to serious complications, including ulcers , infection, and limb loss.

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