(Dandy-Walker Malformation; Dandy Walker Syndrome; Familial Dandy Walker; Dandy Walker Malformation)
DefinitionDandy-Walker syndrome is a brain deformity that develops before birth. The deformity occurs in an area in the back of the brain. This area controls movement and cognitive learning. This syndrome can also affect fluid-filled chambers of the brain called ventricles. The ventricles may have an abnormal build-up of fluid.
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesIt is not clear what causes Dandy-Walker syndrome. There may be a genetic factor.
Risk FactorsDandy-Walker syndrome may be inherited. If a parent has Dandy-Walker syndrome, the child has a higher risk of the condition. There are no other known risk factors.
SymptomsSymptoms of Dandy-Walker syndrome often occur in infancy. Some may not appear until childhood. Most are found within the first year of life. Symptoms may include:
- Increased head size
- Bulging of the back of the skull
- Impaired development of normal speech and language
- Slow motor development
- Unsteadiness, especially with walking
- Lack of muscle coordination
- Jerky eye movements
- Abnormal breathing
- Trouble with vision or hearing
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs or seizures
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your child's symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.Images will be taken of your child's brain. This can be done with:
More from Beliefnet
A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery