Basal Cell Carcinoma

(Skin cancer-Basal Cell)

Definition

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer. This cancer usually grows slowly and rarely spreads to other tissues in the body.Basal cell carcinoma is rarely fatal but it can cause damage to the nearby tissue. If there is risk of damage, the cancer may need treatment or removal.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
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Causes

Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. Eventually these uncontrolled cells form a growth or tumor. The growths invade and take over nearby tissue. It is not clear exactly what causes these problems in the cells but is probably a combination of genetics and environment.

Risk Factors

Areas of skin that are damaged have a higher risk of cancer. Skin that is regularly exposed to the sun is most likely to develop skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma may also develop in skin that has scars, burns, or inflammatory skin diseases.Factors that increase your risk of developing basal cell carcinoma include:
  • History of radiation therapy
  • A personal history of skin cancer
  • Childhood sunburns , freckling, or long periods of sun exposure
  • Frequent use of tanning beds
  • Blonde or red hair
  • Blue or green eyes
  • Fair skin that rarely tans
  • A family history of skin cancer
  • Treatment that suppresses the immune system , such as having an organ transplant
  • Certain rare genetic disorders, such as Gorlin’s syndrome

Symptoms

Symptoms of basal cell carcinoma include:
  • A sore that may crust, bleed, or ooze for 3 weeks without healing
  • A raised, red patch that may be itchy
  • A shiny bump that can be pearl-like in appearance or, less often, dark in color, much like a mole
  • A pink growth with a slightly raised border and dip in the middle
  • A patch of skin that seems shiny and tight, much like a scar

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