Chronic Pancreatitis

Definition

The pancreas is a long, flat, pear-shaped organ located behind the stomach. It makes digestive enzymes and hormones, including insulin. Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive inflammation of the pancreas marked by frequent acute attacks and risk of permanent organ damage.
Pancreatitis
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Causes

Chronic pancreatitis may result from injury, chronic infection, drug or toxic exposure, autoimmune disease, or blockage of the pancreas. In some cases it is genetic and sometimes has no known cause.

Risk Factors

Chronic pancreatitis is more common in men. Other factors that may increase your risk of chronic pancreatitis include:Personal health history, such as:Conditions that obstruct the passageway from the pancreas to the small intestine include:
  • Trauma
  • Tumors
  • Pseudocysts—build up of fluids and debris
Chronic pancreatitis is a risk factor for developing pancreatic cancer.

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