Trade Names :
Phenytoin is an anticonvulsant agent used primarily to prevent seizures in conditions such as epilepsy. Drugs similar to phenytoin are ethotoin (Peganone) and mephenytoin (Mesantoin). Other anticonvulsant agents include carbamazepine , phenobarbital , primidone , and valproic acid . In some cases, combination therapy with two or more anticonvulsant drugs may be used.
Ginkgo The herb ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) has been used to treat Alzheimer's disease and ordinary age-related memory loss, among many other conditions. Seizures have been reported with the use of ginkgo leaf extract in people with previously well-controlled epilepsy; in one case, the seizures were fatal. 43 One possible explanation is contamination of ginkgo leaf products with ginkgo seeds. 1-5 It has also been suggested that ginkgo might interfere with the effectiveness of some anti-seizure medications, including phenytoin. 44 Finally, it has been noted that the drug tacrine (also used to improve memory) has been associated with seizures, and ginkgo may affect the brain in ways similar to tacrine. 45