Conditions InDepth: Infertility in Women
Infertility in women is a disorder of the reproductive system that prevents the body’s ability to ovulate and conceive. Recurrent pregnancy loss is often considered a type of infertility. A heterosexual couple is considered infertile when they have not conceived after a full year of regular sexual intercourse without using contraception. Couple infertility may be due to male factors, female factors, or a combination of both. A successful pregnancy involves many steps. First, a healthy egg must be released from a woman’s ovaries and travel to the fallopian tube. There, a man’s sperm fertilizes it. If fertilization occurs, the fertilized egg then moves down the fallopian tube to the uterus. The embryo secures itself to the uterine wall. This begins the 38-40 week journey from embryo to fetus to baby. Problems can occur at anytime during this process.
|Female Reproductive Organs|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Menstrual cycle dysfunction—the most common cause of infertility in women due to failure to ovulate
- Problems with ovulation—something affects the development and release of an egg by the ovary
- Fallopian tube blockage—present from birth or may result from surgery, trauma, or infection in the pelvic area
- Endometriosis —results when tissue from the uterine lining is found outside the uterus
More from Beliefnet
Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.
Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations