Diagnosis of Eating Disorders
- Initial evaluation—During the initial evaluation, your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, the amount of food you eat, and how you try to control your weight.
- Physical exam and tests—Your doctor will give you a physical exam and check your height and weight. If you have symptoms of bulimia , your teeth may be checked for erosion, which is a sign of frequent vomiting. You will also have routine blood, urine, and other tests to check your overall health status.
- Psychiatric evaluation—A mental health professional may perform a series of tests and evaluate you for other psychiatric conditions, such as depression and anxiety disorders , which are common in people with eating disorders. Diagnosis of a particular type of eating disorder is based on an evaluation of your symptoms using the criteria of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Screening tests such as the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) can be used to screen for symptoms of eating disorders.
Diagnosis of Anorexia NervosaAnorexia nervosa is characterized by:
- An intense fear of gaining weight
- A refusal to maintain adequate nutrition, often associated with an erroneous image of the self as fat
- Loss of original body weight to 85% or less of what is expected for normal height and weight
- Disturbance of body image and negative self-evaluation
- Absence of at least three consecutive menstrual periods in females who have started menstruating
Diagnosis of Bulimia NervosaBulimia nervosa is characterized by:
- Frequent occurrence of binge eating episodes accompanied by a sense of loss of control
- Recurrent inappropriate behavior such as vomiting, use of laxatives, fasting, or excessive exercise, intended to prevent weight gain
- Both of the above behaviors occur at least twice a week, on average, for three months
- Negative self-evaluation influenced by body shape and weight
Diagnosis of Binge Eating DisorderBinge eating disorder is characterized by:
- Binge eating episodes accompanied by a sense of loss of control
- No inappropriate behavior to prevent weight gain
- The behavior occurs at least twice a week, on average, for three months
More from Beliefnet
Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.
Celiac Disease May Increase the Risk of Bone Fractures
Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea