Screening for Testicular Cancer

The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at risk for certain diseases or conditions.

Screening Guidelines

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) does not recommend regular screening by a doctor or self-screening in men who do not have any symptoms. However, the American Cancer Society recommends that a testicular exam should be done by your doctor at your routine cancer-related check-ups. No studies have been done that look at the benefit or harm of screening for testicular cancer. Discuss screening with your doctor, especially if you are at high risk for testicular cancer. Keep in mind that if you notice any symptoms of testicular cancer, such as a lump or swelling in the testicles, it is important that you see your doctor for an evaluation.

References

Can testicular cancer be found early? American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/TesticularCancer/DetailedGuide/testicular-cancer-detection. Updated January 19, 2011. Accessed March 2, 2011.

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Casciato DA. Manual of Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004.

Cashen AF, Wildes TM. The Washington Manual of Hematology and Oncology Subspecialty Consult. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolter Kluwers Health; 2008.

Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center website. Available at: http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu. Accessed January 31, 2006.

Fauci AS, Braunwald E, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2000.

United States Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for testicular cancer. United States Preventive Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/3rduspstf/testicular/testiculrs.pdf. Accessed March 2, 2011.

3/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php: Ilic D, Misso M. Screening for testicular cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(2):CD007853.

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