High-Calcium Diet

Osteoporosis Prevention and Treatment

Calcium is a mineral that is essential to your body's health including the growth and maintenance of strong bones. Your body needs a constant supply of calcium. When there is not enough calcium available from the diet, your body pulls what it needs from your bones. Over time, a diet lacking in calcium can lead to osteoporosis .

Why Should I Follow a High-Calcium Diet?

If you are at risk for or have osteoporosis, a diet high in calcium is one important part of your prevention or treatment plan. Calcium can help build and maintain strong bones. If you have osteoporosis, the diet can reduce the rate of bone loss.

How Much Calcium Do I Need?

In general, men and premenopausal women need 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day. Postmenopausal women need 1,200 milligrams per day. Teenagers need 1,300 milligrams per day.

What Are Some Good Sources of Calcium?

Rather than focusing on consuming more of just one calcium-rich food, such as milk, try adding a variety of different foods. The table below lists examples of some foods that are good sources of calcium:
Fruit
Specific Food (1 cup) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Calcium-fortified orange juice 330-350
Dried figs 241
Cereals
Specific Food (Amount) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
General Mills Fiber One Bran (½ cup) 200
General Mills Whole Grain Total (¾ cup) 400
General Mills Wheaties (1 cup) 200
Kellogg's All Bran Original (½ cup) 250
Quaker Life (¾ cup) 200
Cheese
Specific Food (Amount) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Cheddar (1 ounce) 204
Gruyere (1 ounce) 287
Mozzarella, part skim (1 ounce) 222
Muenster (1 ounce) 203
Parmesan, grated (1 ounce) 314
Pasteurized American (1 ounce) 156
Provolone (1 ounce) 214
Swiss (1 ounce) 224
Cottage cheese 1% milkfat (1 cup) 138
Yogurt
Specific Food (Amount) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Frozen (1 cup) 74
Fruit, nonfat, or lowfat (6 ounces) 258
Milk (dairy)
Specific Food (1 cup) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Nonfat 306
Lowfat 290
Whole 276
Fish
Specific Food (Amount) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Atlantic sardines with bones, canned in oil, drained 2 sardines 92
Canned pink salmon with bones and liquid (3 ounces) 181
Canned sockeye salmon with bones, drained (3 ounces) 203
Soy
Specific Food (1 cup) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Soy 93
Soy, calcium-fortified 368
Soybeans 261
Vegetables
Specific Food (1 cup) Approximate Milligrams of Calcium
Collards (frozen, chopped, boiled) 357
Kale (chopped, fresh, boiled) 94
Kale (chopped, frozen, boiled) 179
Mustard greens (fresh, boiled) 104
Spinach (chopped, fresh, boiled) 245
Spinach (chopped, frozen, boiled) 290

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