Symptoms of AIDS
HIV may not cause symptoms for a number of years. The initial infection may result in flu-like symptoms. During this acute HIV infection, the virus is rapidly reproducing, and the body’s immune system is mounting a defense. The virus can easily be passed to other people during this period. Initial symptoms may include:
- Extreme, unexplained fatigue
- Swollen lymph nodes in armpits, neck, or groin
- Dry cough
- Night sweats
- Sore throat
- Joint pain
- Swollen lymph glands all over the body
- Fungal infections of the mouth, fingernails, toes
- Repeated vaginal yeast infections
- Development of lots of warts
- Exacerbations of prior conditions, such as eczema , psoriasis , and herpes infection
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
- Chronic diarrhea
- Memory loss
- Thrush (an overgrowth of yeast in the mouth)
- Pneumonia (particularly Pneumocystis jiroveci)
- Invasive fungal infections
- Toxoplasmosis infection
- Kaposi sarcoma
- Cervical cancer
- Uncommon intestinal infections
- Severe weight loss (wasting syndrome)
- Severe skin rashes
- Psychiatric problems, including depression and dementia
- Kidney damage
- Heart disease
HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/Pages/whatAreHIVAIDS.aspx. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html. Accessed May 15, 2013.
A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV and AIDS. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/hiv-and-aids.html. Updated December 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.
5/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/: Chu C, Selwyn PA.Complications of HIV infection: a systems-based approach. Am Fam Physician. 2011;83(4):395-406.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 09/2014
- Update Date: 09/17/2014
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