What Is Rotavirus?Rotavirus is a virus that is transmitted through stool. It is easily spread by contaminated hands and objects. Symptoms usually begin about 2 days after contact with the virus. Symptoms may include:
What Is the Rotavirus Vaccine?The rotavirus vaccine is given by mouth. This is a live virus vaccine. This means it contains a living virus can produce immunity to the disease.The vaccine comes in 2 brands, RotaTeq and Rotarix.
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?Your baby will need 2-3 doses. The number of doses depends on which type of vaccine your baby gets. The recommended schedule for giving these doses is:
- 2 months for first dose
- 4 months for second dose
- 6 months for third dose, if needed
What Are the Risks Associated With the Rotavirus Vaccine?As with any vaccine, there is a small risk of severe reaction, such as a severe allergic reaction.Most infants get the vaccine without any problems. In a small number of cases, children may have mild diarrhea or vomiting after getting the vaccine. There may be a very small risk of a serious bowel obstruction called intussusception .
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?Children should not get the vaccine if they:
- Have had a life-threatening allergic reaction from a previous dose or any of its components
- Are very ill
- Have severe combined immunodeficiency
- Have had intussusception or have an abnormality of the intestine
- HIV infection or AIDS
- Is taking long-term steroid medication
- Has cancer or is receiving cancer treatment