Actinomycosis

Definition

Actinomycosis is a bacterial infection that results in collections of pus in the body.
Abdominal Abscess
Abdominal Abscess
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Actinomycosis is most often caused by infection by specific bacteria. This is normally present in the mouth and, sometimes, in the intestines. The jaw is most commonly involved, with lung and abdominal infections being less common. Rarely, women may develop abscesses in the reproductive organs or bladder.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk of actinomycosis include:
  • Having a dental disease or recent dental surgery
  • Liquids or solids that are sucked into the lungs
  • Having bowel surgery
  • Swallowing fragments of chicken or other bones
  • Having an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) in place for many years
  • Diabetes
  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Malnutrition
  • Tissue damage
  • Chronic granulomatous disease or other disorder that affects the immune system (children)

Symptoms

Actinomycosis may cause:
  • Hard swellings that are usually painless and located around the mouth, neck, or jaw
  • Swellings that may produce pus containing tiny, yellowish particles
  • Drainage of pus through the skin of the chest or abdomen
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Cough that produces sputum or blood
  • Noticeable swelling or firm mass in the abdomen, especially the lower part

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may include:
  • Analyses of pus, sputum, or tissue
  • X-ray

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.

dot separator
previous editions

Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 2015

Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 2015

Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook