DefinitionA factitious disorder is a mental illness in which a person makes up an illness or injury. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) identifies four types of factitious disorders:
- Factitious disorder with mostly psychological symptoms—For example, the person may pretend to have schizophrenia.
- Factitious disorder with mostly physical symptoms—For example, the person acts as if they have chest pain or abdominal pain. The term "Munchausen syndrome" is sometimes used to refer to this type.
- Factitious disorder with both psychological and physical symptoms.
- Factitious disorder not otherwise specified—Factitious disorder by proxy (or Munchausen syndrome by proxy) fall into this category. This involves a parent using his or her child to get needless medical attention for the child.
|Receiving Medical Treatment|
|People with factitious disorder seek unnecessary medical treatment.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
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