Aphasia is a disorder that affects the ability to communicate. People with aphasia may have difficulty with the expression and/or understanding of language, as well as reading and writing. There are 2 types of aphasia:
  • Expressive aphasia: difficulty communicating thoughts through speech and writing
  • Receptive aphasia: problems understanding spoken or written language


Aphasia is caused by an injury to parts of the brain that are involved with language. The injury may be the result of:
  • Stroke—most common cause
  • Traumatic head injury
  • Gunshot wound
  • Brain tumor
  • Brain infection
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Other brain conditions
si1213 97870 1 Ischemic Stroke.jpg
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Aphasia is more common in older people. Other factors that may increase your chance of aphasia include:
  • Increasing age
  • Family history of aphasia
  • Prior history of transient ischemic attacks (TIA)—also called mini-strokes


Aphasia is a symptom of an underlying problem. It may include:
  • Difficulty speaking:
    • Speaking in short, fragmented phrases
    • Putting words in the wrong order
    • Using incorrect grammar
    • Switching sounds or words
    • Speaking in nonsense
    • Anomia—word-finding problems
  • Problems understanding oral language:
    • Needing extra time to process language
    • Difficulty following very fast speech
    • Taking the literal meaning of a figure of speech
  • Problems reading
  • Problems writing

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.

dot separator
previous editions

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 2015

Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

dashed separator


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »