Aphasia

Definition

Aphasia is a disorder that affects the ability to communicate. People with aphasia may have difficulty with the expression and/or understanding of language, as well as reading and writing. There are 2 types of aphasia:
  • Expressive aphasia: difficulty communicating thoughts through speech and writing
  • Receptive aphasia: problems understanding spoken or written language

Causes

Aphasia is caused by an injury to parts of the brain that are involved with language. The injury may be the result of:
  • Stroke—most common cause
  • Traumatic head injury
  • Gunshot wound
  • Brain tumor
  • Brain infection
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Other brain conditions
Stroke
si1213 97870 1 Ischemic Stroke.jpg
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Aphasia is more common in older people. Other factors that may increase your chance of aphasia include:
  • Increasing age
  • Family history of aphasia
  • Prior history of transient ischemic attacks (TIA)—also called mini-strokes

Symptoms

Aphasia is a symptom of an underlying problem. It may include:
  • Difficulty speaking:
    • Speaking in short, fragmented phrases
    • Putting words in the wrong order
    • Using incorrect grammar
    • Switching sounds or words
    • Speaking in nonsense
    • Anomia—word-finding problems
  • Problems understanding oral language:
    • Needing extra time to process language
    • Difficulty following very fast speech
    • Taking the literal meaning of a figure of speech
  • Problems reading
  • Problems writing

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Parent-Adolescent Communication May Result In Safer Sex
December 2015

Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.

dot separator
previous editions

Celiac Disease May Increase the Risk of Bone Fractures
November 2015

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook