True or False: Eating Dark Chocolate Can Lower Your Risk of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease
“Chocolate is good for you” sounds like an obvious entry in the “too good to be true” hall of fame. But a significant body of evidence supports that statement, so chocolate lovers can indulge their cravings—to a point—without too much guilt. However, this does not mean that candy manufacturers are free to market their goods as health foods.
Cocoa and dark chocolate are rich in flavonoids and antioxidants, chemical compounds that help protect against the harmful products of oxygen reactions (know as “free radicals”) in body tissues. These free radicals have been linked to the development of heart disease and some cancers . Antioxidants have also been shown to lower LDL cholesterol, the so-called “bad” cholesterol.Studies of subjects who increased their daily intake of flavonoids from chocolate found that their LDL-cholesterol levels dropped, their blood vessels relaxed, and blood-clotting tendencies were diminished. A Dutch study conducted on 470 men over 15 years found that the men with the highest cocoa consumption were half as likely to die from cardiovascular disease as those who consumed the least amount of cocoa. The researchers suggested two possible reasons for these results: flavonoids in the cocoa improved the function of blood vessels, and high levels of antioxidants stopped LDL cholesterol from forming on arterial walls. Additionally, a study published in the Journal of Nutrition reported that one serving of dark chocolate every three days reduced people's c-reactive protein (CRP) level , a type of measure for overall heart health. In yet another study, participants who ate dark chocolate dropped their cholesterol level by about 10% and significantly lowered their blood pressure. Interestingly, participants in the “control” group, who ate white chocolate—which does not contain significant amounts of flavonoids (it only contains cocoa butter)—did not experience a decrease in blood pressure. Based on these and other research findings, the American Heart Association (AHA) has stated that people who consume a bar-sized serving of flavonol-rich dark chocolate daily may lower their blood pressure and actually improve their blood sugar over the long run. While the AHA doesn’t specify exactly what “bar-sized” equals, research suggests that 1-2 ounces a day is a safe bet.Chocolate’s flavonoids have been linked to other health benefits, as well. Two substances in particular, epicatechin and quercetin, have been shown to possess anti-cancer effects. And, some studies conducted in Europe, Asia, and North America have found that people who eat a diet rich in flavonoids from chocolate or cocoa have lower incidents of cancer than those who eat fewer flavonoids.
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