Skin Lesion Removal
DefinitionThis is the removal of an abnormal growth on the skin, called a lesion, for medical or cosmetic reasons. Skin lesions can include warts, moles, cancers, and skin tags.
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Reasons for Procedure
- Lesion is precancerous or cancerous
- Lesion has created a chronic skin irritation
- Cosmetic preference
Possible ComplicationsProblems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
- Changes in skin color
- Poor wound healing
- Nerve damage
- Recurrence of the lesion
- Suppressed immune system
- Bleeding disorders
- Circulatory problems
What to Expect
Prior to ProcedureGenerally, no special preparation is required.
AnesthesiaLocal anesthesia will be used. It will make the area numb.
Description of the ProcedureThe area will be cleaned. The skin surrounding the lesion will be numbed by anesthesia. Techniques for skin lesion removal vary depending on the reason for removal and lesion location. Common techniques include:
- Removal with scalpel—The lesion is cut away with a surgical knife.
- Laser surgery—A high-energy beam destroys skin tissue.
- Electrosurgery—This is the use of an electrical current to selectively destroy skin tissue.
- Cryosurgery—A cold liquid or instrument is used to freeze and remove the lesion.
- Curettage—This is the scraping of the skin with a circular cutting loop instrument.
- Mohs micrographic surgery—This is used to examine suspected cancerous lesions. Small pieces of tissue are successively removed and then viewed microscopically for signs of cancer. The goal is to get all the cancer tissue and leave as much healthy tissue as possible.
How Long Will It Take?This depends on which procedure is used. Most are completed within 20 minutes.
Will It Hurt?Anesthesia prevents pain during the procedure. You may have some discomfort at the surgery site after the procedure.
Post-procedure CareWhen you get home:
- Keep the area clean and dry. Keep it covered with a sterile bandage for 1-2 days. If stickers were placed, they will fall off on their own in about a week.
- Take pain medication if necessary.
- Follow any special care instructions to prevent infection.