Oophorectomy

(Ovariectomy; Salpingo-Oophorectomy; Bilateral Oophorectomy; Oophorectomy, Bilateral)

Definition

Oophorectomy is the removal of one or both ovaries. This may be combined with removing the fallopian tubes (salpingo-oophorectomy). Removal of the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes is often done as part of a complete or total hysterectomy .
The Female Reproductive System
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Reasons for Procedure

An oophorectomy may be done to:

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an oophorectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications. These include:
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause if both ovaries are removed
  • Depression and other forms of psychological distress
  • Reaction to anesthesia
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots, particularly in the veins of the legs
  • Damage to other organs
  • Infection
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:Be sure to discuss the risks with your doctor before the surgery.

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