(Hip Arthroplasty; Arthroplasty, Hip; Total Hip Replacement; Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement; Mini-incision Hip Replacement)
DefinitionA total hip replacement is a surgery to replace a diseased or injured hip joint. An artificial ball-and-socket joint is inserted to make a new hip. It can be done by full open surgery or a minimally invasive technique. The minimally invasive technique only requires 1 or 2 tiny incisions and special instruments.
|Left Total Hip Replacement|
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Reasons for ProcedureThis surgery is done when pain and stiffness limit your normal activities and rest, medication, and physical therapy are no longer working.Other reasons for surgery may include a broken hip, severe rheumatoid arthritis, bone tumors, and loss of blood supply to the bones of the hip.
Possible ComplicationsIf you are planning to have a hip replacement, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Hip dislocation—occurs when the ball portion of the prosthesis dislocates from its normal position in the hip
- Blood clots
- Swelling or bleeding
- Injury to nearby nerves or blood vessels
- Anesthesia-related problems, like pneumonia
- Noisy or squeaky hip after surgery
- Pre-existing medical condition, such as heart or lung problems
- Infection, such as urinary tract infection or gum disease—having an infection increases the risk of bacteria entering the bloodstream and infecting the joint
- Previous problems with blood clots