Hip Replacement

(Hip Arthroplasty; Total Hip Replacement; Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement; Mini-incision Hip Replacement)

Animation Movie AvailableRelated Media: Hip Replacement

Definition

A total hip replacement is a surgery to replace a diseased or injured hip joint. An artificial ball-and-socket joint is inserted to make a new hip. It can be done by full open surgery or a minimally invasive technique. The minimally invasive technique only requires 1 or 2 tiny incisions and special instruments.
Left Total Hip Replacement
Hip Replacement
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Reasons for Procedure

This surgery is done when pain and stiffness limit your normal activities and rest, medication, and physical therapy are no longer working.Other reasons for surgery may include a broken hip, severe rheumatoid arthritis, bone tumors, and loss of blood supply to the bones of the hip.

Possible Complications

If you are planning to have a hip replacement, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
  • Hip dislocation—occurs when the ball portion of the prosthesis dislocates from its normal position in the hip
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Swelling or bleeding
  • Injury to nearby nerves or blood vessels
  • Anesthesia-related problems, like pneumonia
  • Noisy or squeaky hip after surgery
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
  • Pre-existing medical condition, such as heart or lung problems
  • Obesity
  • Infection, such as urinary tract infection or gum disease—having an infection increases the risk of bacteria entering the bloodstream and infecting the joint
  • Previous problems with blood clots
  • Smoking
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the surgery.

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