Breast Needle Biopsy
(Biopsy, Breast Needle; Breast Needle Aspiration; Aspiration, Breast Needle; Fine Needle Aspiration; Aspiration, Fine Needle; Stereotactic Core Needle Biopsy; Biopsy, Stereotactic Core Needle; MRI-guided Breast Biopsy; Biopsy, MRI-guided Breast; Vacuum-assisted Device Biopsy; Biopsy, Vacuum-assisted Device; Ultrasound-directed Needle Biopsy; Biopsy, Ultrasound-directed Needle)
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DefinitionBreast needle biopsy is the removal of a sample of breast tissue using a needle. The sample is examined in a lab. There are different types of breast needle biopsies:
- Fine needle aspiration
- Ultrasound-directed needle biopsy
- Stereotactic core needle biopsy
- MRI-guided breast biopsy
- Vacuum-assisted device biopsy
Reasons for ProcedureBreast needle biopsy is done to examine a suspicious area in the breast. It may be done if any of the following are found:
- Tissue thickening
- Nipple abnormality
- Discharge from the nipple
- Abnormal ultrasound or mammogram image
Possible ComplicationsComplications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a biopsy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications:
What to Expect
Prior to ProcedureYour doctor may do the following:
- Physical exam, especially a breast exam
- Blood tests
- Mammogram and/or breast ultrasound
- Talk to your doctor about your current medications. Certain medication may need to be stopped before the procedure.
- Shower the morning of the biopsy. You may be asked to use a special antibacterial soap.
AnesthesiaYou may receive local anesthesia. If this is the case, the area that is being operated on will be numbed.
Description of the ProcedureThe doctor will choose from several types of biopsies to get a tissue sample: Fine Needle Aspiration The skin over the area will be cleaned. A small needle will be inserted into the breast tissue. Fluid and/or tissue will be removed. The needle may be removed and re-inserted more than one time. After this is done, the doctor will apply pressure to the area and cover the spot with a bandage.
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