Sexual Lubricants: Relieving Vaginal Dryness
Vaginal dryness can cause discomfort during sex as well as itching and burning sensations. Some causes of vaginal dryness are:
- Lower estrogen levels after menopause
- Hormonal changes due to childbirth or breastfeeding
- Some medications, including leuprolide, danazol, tamoxifen, antihistamines, ulcer medications, antidepressants, blood pressure medications, oral contraceptives, and cold medications
- Strenuous exercise
- Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy , radiation , and hormone therapy
- Sjogren’s syndrome
About LubricantsLubricants are substances designed to ease dryness, prevent friction, and make sexual intercourse more comfortable and enjoyable for both partners. There are many over-the-counter products available including:
- K-Y Jelly
- Liquid Silk
PrecautionsNot all lubricants are created equal. Do not use any of the following as lubricants:
- Petroleum-based products, such as Vaseline, mineral oil, and baby oil can cause the latex in condoms to break down, increasing the risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and pregnancy.
- Moisture creams and lotions can interfere with the body's pH levels and cause irritation or infection.
American Academy of Family Physicians
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
Women's Health Matters
A doctor's take on lubricants for female pleasure and comfort. Safer Sex 4 Seniors website. Available at: http://safersex4seniors.org/assets/SS4S%5FChoosing%5Fand%5FUsing%5FLubricants.pdf. Accessed December 24, 2013.
Vaginal and vulvar comfort: lubricants, moisturizers, and low-dose vaginal estrogen. The North American Menopause Society website. Available at: http://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/effective-treatments-for-sexual-problems/vaginal-and-vulvar-comfort-lubricants-moisturizers-and-low-dose-vaginal-estrogen. Accessed December 24, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 01/09/2014