Addison's Disease

(Adrenal Insufficiency; Adrenocortical Hypofunction; Chronic Adrenocortical Insufficiency; Hypoadrenalism)

Definition

Addison's disease is a rare disorder of the adrenal glands. With Addison's, the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol and aldosterone.
Adrenal Glands
nucleus factsheet image
Addison's occurs because of damage to the cortex.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Addison's disease is the result of gradual damage to the outer layer of the adrenal gland. This damage may be caused by:
  • An autoimmune reaction—the body's own immune system attacks the gland
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bleeding within the adrenal glands—related to the use of anticoagulant medications and shock
  • Surgical complication
  • Conditions that are present at birth or due to genetic factors such as enzyme defects and familial glucocorticoid insufficiency
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection associated with AIDS
  • Fungal infections
  • Certain cancers, including those that have spread
  • Certain medications
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chronic disorders, such as:

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Parent-Adolescent Communication May Result In Safer Sex
December 2015

Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.

dot separator
previous editions

Celiac Disease May Increase the Risk of Bone Fractures
November 2015

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook