Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

(BPH; Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy; Prostatism; Bladder Outlet Obstruction)

Animation Movie AvailableRelated Media: Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)

Definition

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate. The prostate is usually a walnut-sized gland located at the neck of the bladder. It surrounds the urethra, a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.An enlarged prostate puts pressure on the urethra and can make it difficult for urine to pass. Eventually, the urethra may become completely closed off.
Enlarged Prostate
BPH prostate
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

The exact cause of BPH is unknown. It may be related to natural changes in hormone level that occur as men age.The enlargement is not due to cancer.

Risk Factors

BPH is most likely to occur in men aged 50 years or older. Other factors that may increase your chance of having BPH include:
  • Metabolic syndrome —A condition marked by elevated blood pressure, cholesterol, blood glucose, and body weight, especially weight centered around the midsection
  • Obesity
  • Lipid disorders
  • Diet high in fats and red meat

Symptoms

Enlarged prostate itself does not cause symptoms. Symptoms develop when the prostate gland puts enough pressure on the urethra to interfere with the flow of urine.Symptoms usually increase in severity over time and may include:
  • Difficulty starting to urinate
  • Weak urination stream
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Sensation of incomplete bladder emptying
  • Urge to urinate frequently, especially at night
  • Deep discomfort in the lower abdomen
  • Urge incontinence —strong, sudden urge to urinate

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Parent-Adolescent Communication May Result In Safer Sex
December 2015

Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.

dot separator
previous editions

Celiac Disease May Increase the Risk of Bone Fractures
November 2015

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook