(Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia [CIN]; Precancerous Changes of the Cervix)
DefinitionDysplasia is abnormal growth or development of cells. Cervical dysplasia happens in the cells covering the surface of a woman's cervix. If cervical dysplasia is not treated, it may lead to cervical cancer .
|Female Reproductive Organs|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesCervical dysplasia is caused by a sexually transmitted virus. The virus is called the human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus causes abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix. The most significant cervical change would be cancer. There are different types of HPV. The risk of cervical disease may be high or low depending on the type of HPV.
Risk FactorsFactors that increase your risk of cervical dysplasia include:
- Multiple sexual partners
- Early onset of sexual activity (before age 18)
- Early childbearing (before age 16)
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Genital herpes
- Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in the womb—an estrogen-like substance given to prevent miscarriages in high-risk pregnancies
SymptomsThere are often no apparent symptoms with cervical dysplasia. Cervical changes are found through screening tests.
More from Beliefnet
A systematic review found that participants given chewing gum after abdominal surgery may have a faster return to normal for their digestive system. Unfortunately, the quality of trials is low and more research will need to be done before this simple solution is confirmed.
Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children