Contractures

(Contracture Deformity)

Definition

Contractures refer to the permanent tightening of nonbony tissues, such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin. It results in a loss of motion in the affected joints.Contracture is different from spasticity, but they are often related. Spasticity is an abnormal increase in muscle tone, which can worsen the development of contractures.
Contracture Deformity of the Hand
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Causes

Contractures may be caused by abnormalities of the structures surrounding a joint. These include:
  • Deformity
  • Immobility
  • Injury
  • Chronic inflammation
Certain disorders that affect nerves and muscles almost always lead to contractures. For example:Contractures are often also associated with spasticity resulting from injuries to the central nervous system, such as stroke or brain injury.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk of contractures include:

Symptoms

The primary symptom is loss of motion in a joint. Pain can also be a major symptom.

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. Your joints will be examined for restricted movement and range of motion. Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with x-rays .

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