(CD; Regional Enteritis)
DefinitionCrohn's disease is a severe, chronic inflammatory bowel disease. It causes inflammation, ulcers , and bleeding in the digestive tract. It usually affects the end portion of the small intestine called the ileum. However, any part of the digestive tract can be affected, from the mouth to the anus.
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CausesThe cause of Crohn's disease is not known. Inflammatory bowel diseases , such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, seem to run in some families. Some researchers think that it is due to a reaction to a virus or bacteria. The immune system overreacts and causes damage to the intestines.
Risk FactorsPeople of Jewish heritage are more likely to get Crohn's disease. Your risk may also be increased if you have family members with inflammatory bowel disease.
- Abdominal cramps and pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Weight loss
- Fatigue, weakness
- Mouth sores
- Sores, abscesses in the anal area
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.Your bodily fluids, tissues, and waste products may need to be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Stool tests
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