Uterine Fibroids

(Fibroids; Leiomyoma; Myoma; Fibromyoma)

Definition

Fibroids are benign (noncancerous) growths in the wall of the uterus. The uterus is the organ where a fetus grows during pregnancy.Fibroids are common. They may be very small or they could grow to eight or more inches in diameter. Most fibroids remain inside the uterus. Sometimes, they may stick out and affect nearby organs. It is common for there to be more than one fibroid.
Uterine Fibroid
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Causes

The cause of fibroids is unknown.Fibroid growth is stimulated by female reproductive hormones. As a result:Genetics may make some women more prone to fibroids. Substances that control blood vessel growth may also affect fibroid growth.

Risk Factors

African American women are at increased risk. Other factors that affect your risk of fibroids include:
  • Risk increases with age until menopause
  • Family history
Obesity and high blood pressure may also be linked to fibroids.

Symptoms

There many not be any symptoms. Or, symptoms may be mild or severe. This depends on the size and location of the growths.Symptoms may include:
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Clots in menstrual flow
  • Long periods
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Increased cramping during periods
  • Pain during sex
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Low back or leg pain
  • Infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes
  • Miscarriage
Iron-deficiency anemia may develop if bleeding is heavy. This is low levels of red blood cells. It will affect the amount of oxygen your blood can carry.

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June 2015

A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.

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